A rough overview of vampire history!

Vampire

Stories about vampires go back thousands of years and occur in almost every culture around the world. Their descriptions are different and vary from culture to culture. They have been described as red eyed monsters with green or pink hair in China to the Greek Lamia, that has the upper body of a woman and the lower body of a winged serpent. The vampires we know today are mostly based on Eastern European myths which originated in the far East.

In ancient Rome and Greece there were festivals at set times of the year celebrating the return of the dead. In Rome it was the "Lemuria" and in Greece the "Anthesteria". Those festivals were lasting three days and sacrifices were made all with the purpose of making the dead welcome. The interesting thing about that was that at the end of the three day festival, both, Romans and Greeks householders held its own exorcism ceremony to rid the house of the returned souls and to ensure the blessing for the following year.

The origin of Slavic myths developed during 9th century as a result of conflict between Christianity and pre-Christian paganism. Causes of vampirism between Slavs were: being conceived on certain days, excommunication, improper burial rituals, born with teeth or tail. In order to prevent vampirism, people were placing a crucifix in the coffin or blocks under the chin to prevent the body from eating the shroud.

The thing that remained the same for all of those vampires are blood sucking, preying on humans at night, returning from death etc. Of course, we are also familiar with capes with tall collars, the fact that they are turning into bats and wear evening clothes is just something that has been much more recent inventions. Yet, in modern fiction and film, you can still find many features of the old myths. Such as the placing of millet or poppu seeds at the graveside in order to keep the vampire occupied all night counting seeds.

Now-days, pretty much everyone is familiar with vampires, but in Britain very little was known of vampires prior to the 18th century. The word vampire came to English language in 1732 via an English translation of a German report of the much publicized Arnold Paole vampire staking in Serbia. During the 18th century there was a major vampire scare in Eastern Europe that even government officials were dragged into the hunting and staking vampires.


Alp, Rakshasa, Talamaur and Zmeu! Have you heard about them?

Zmeu

There are a lot of vampires worldwide, that you might heard of and the ones you never knew they existed. Once again we are going to mention some of them that left the biggest mark in this world and to say a little bit about their lifestyle.

The first one in the line is a German vampire called ALP. Alp has been associated with the bogeyman and the incubus. It is a vampiric spirit that torments the nights and dreams of women. Since his victims were women, he has considered to be male and in its all manifestations the Alp is known to wear a hat. Children can become an Alp, when a mother uses a horse collar to ease childbirth. The interesting thing about Alp is that during the Middle Ages he was said to appear as a cat, bird, pig or other animal, including a lecherous demon dog scene in Cologne, thus linking the werewolf in with this legend. It can ride like a horse, it can fly like a bird and it is credited with a certain gallant attitude, rarely forcing itself on its prey. He drinks blood from the nipples of men and children, but prefers the milk of women. Virtually, the Alp is impossible to kill, because it is so involved in terror of the mind and sleep.

Another interesting type comes from India. Rakshasa is a vampire whose name means "the injurer". It is considered to be a female type of the vampire that lures man to their death. A legend that is from newer ages says that Rakshasa lives in trees and that induces vomiting and indigestion in people who stray into its territory. The interesting thing about Rakshasa is that a child could be transformed into such a creature only if he can be induced to eat human brains.

The information you would probably want to have is that Australian vampire Talamaur is a living vampire. Talamaur could communicate with the spirit world, making one of these spirits its servant, which it could then send among the living. There is a one version of Talamaur that could send out its soul to drain the remaining life essence from a flesh corpse.

And for the end, we are going to mention Zmeu, a vampire from Moldavia. This is a vampiric figure that takes the form of a flame and enters the room of a young girl or widow. Once inside the flame became a a man who seduces her.


Can vampires fall in love?

Vampires_in_love

Really, can vampires fall in love? Some would say that they can't. Probably because of the early writing of vampires that tells us that they were incapable of love after becoming a vampire. They say that a vampire retains a longing for the people they once loved and that is precisely what makes their loved ones some of the first people the vampire will visit.

Others would say that vampires were humans once, but now they are undead denizens of endless night. They are constantly struggling to balance their ever-imperiled humanity with the constant temptation and torments of a vampire's world. Maybe the best thing to explain this opinion about a vampiric love is a quote from the Princes Primer, a letter from Kindred advising another…

"We are cruel, predatory breed, more often than not concerned about our won survival above all else. It is a sad truth of life that love s rarely reciprocal, and virtually never in exact proportions. These vagaries are troubling enough in commoners, yet they invite disaster in our kind. Once is never so vulnerable as when one has totally exposed oneself to the object of ardor."

Humans are ready to show thousands of shocking emotional states that you could possibly imagine. They are ready to die for it and fight until their last breath. If that is the case, imagine what a vampire could do. 

Then, the others would say: If they were humans once and they become the undead, why would you say that it is impossible for them to love? You can ask yourself could they maybe fall in love in humans or still love someone who is still alive? That would be a better question, right? Again, when you look at the movies and see that they have emotions like humans and that they can fall in love with them, there is your answer. Like Edward fell in love with Bella. Another good question would be, after they die, do they still remember of their human life? If they do, they can certainly have feelings for someone they loved before. 

Having so many different opinions and so many people who have their own logic of things, it makes us wonder, how can we know for sure. Vampires are the only ones who know that the best, so it would be better to ask them right? The question still remains: Can vampires love?

A true story about people who claimed to be vampires!

Vampires

A true story about a man who has been stabbed 66 times by a couple who claimed to be vampires!

In the western German town of Bochum, a young couple in their early 30s has been sentenced to  15 years of jail and 13 years respectively in a secure psychiatric hospital. The couple, Manuela and Daniel Ruda claimed to be vampires and killed a man by stabbing him more than 60 times in a satanic ritual.

They both confessed that they killed a man in their apartment surrounded by human skulls, scalpels, cemetery light and incense because the Devil ordered them to do so. Their victim was Frank Hackerts 33 years old, that has been chosen by the Rudas because of his love of the Beatles. He was hit into his head with a hammer, then stabbed 66 times and had a pentagram carved into his chest. Manuela and Daniel claimed that they have been drinking his blood and slept together in a coffin they had in their flat.

In the court house, Manuela told the the judge :" We were not alone – there was a presence there, a powerful force. She said that her husband had "terrible, glowing eyes" as he stood up before delivering the first hammer blow. She claimed that she was the first one drawn to satanism during a visit to Britain. She explained to the court, that she drifted into "gothic" scene after the Devil contacted her when she was 14. When she was 16, she traveled through the Scottish Highlands where she worked in a hotel for few months and enjoyed the emptiness. She spent some time also living in a cave on the Isle Skye.  After she returned from the Germany, she met Daniel and fell in love with him.

Through their entire trial, they did not show any remorse about the killing. They said that since they were following the orders of the Devil, they could not be held responsible for murder. Psychiatric experts told the court that the couple were suffering from " severe narcissistic personality disturbances. Judge Arnjo Kerstingombroke said:"This case was not about satanism but about a crime committed by two people with severe disorders. Nothing mystical or cult- like happened here; just simple base murder"

While their sentence was read out, Daniel stared at his victim's mother and Manuela was chewing a gum. Daniel said:" I want to get on stage, I want everybody knows me..!


Best Vampire Books!

Lestat

Sometimes, reading books can give better satisfaction then watching a movie. So, here are some books you might want to read.

If you are a fan of romantic books that still have a lot of chasing, hunting and protecting the ones you love with a good sense of humor, we recommend you the first book of Twilight written by Stephenie Meyer.
The story goes like this:
Isabella Swan's move to Forks, a small, perpetually rainy town in Washington, could have been the most boring she ever made. Once she meets the mysterious Edward Cullen, her life takes an exciting and scary turn. Until Edward met Bella, he was able to hide his identity a secret in the small community he lives in. In that town,no one is safe, especially not Bella, the person Edward loves the most. They find themselves balanced precariously on the point of a knife-between danger and desire. Deeply romantic and extraordinarily suspenseful, Twilight captures the struggle between defying out instincts and satisfying our desires. 

If this seems interesting for you, you would probably want to check out other three parts of Twilight: 'New Moon', 'Eclipse' and 'Breaking Dawn' all written by Stephenie Meyer. 

Another well known writer Anne Rice wrote a lot of good vampire books. We recommend you the Complete Vampire Chronicles where you can find Interview with the Vampire, The Vampire Lestat, The Queen of the  Damned and The Tale of the Body Thief)

Lestat, Claudia, Louis, Armand and Memnoch. Your top favorite night walkers are back and bundled together in one terrific boxed set, that collects Anne Rice's four bestselling titles from her beloved Vampire Chronicles.

Another book that has been very well rated is 'Acheron' (Dark Hunter #15) by Sherrilyn Kenyon

The most anticipated story in the blockbuster Dark-hunter series The never-before-revealed story of the Dark-Hinter leader, Acheron. He was made human in order to escape death, but in death he was reborn as god…
Eleven thousand years ago a god was born. Cursed into the body of a human, Acheron spent a lifetime of shame. However, his human death unleashed an unspeakable horror that almost destroyed the earth. Then, brought back against his will, Acheron became the sole defender of mankind Only it was never that simple For centuries, he has fought for our survival and hidden a past he'll do anything to keep concealed. Until a lone woman who refuses to be intimated by him threatens his very existence. How his survival, and ours, hinges on her and old enemies reawaken and unite to kill them both.

Are vampires evil?

Bat

Do you think that vampires are evil? If you say that they are not, then okay. What if they are evil? Who decides if they are evil or not? Is it something that each individual coming to its own conclusion or is it something bigger. 

Christian church has Ten Commandments which their followers respect in order to be sin free. They are:
1. Have no other God before me
2. Do not make or worship idols
3. Do not take my name in vain
4. Remember the Sabbath 
5. Honor your Father and your Mother
6. Do not murder(do not kill)
7. Do not commit adultery
8. Do not steal
9. Do not bear false witness against your neighbor
10. Do not covet (desire/lust after) your neighbor's stuff (house, cars, slaves or wife/husband)

Can it look the answer in the religion? Vampires aren't humans anymore… If the idea of human means being alive until death, are post-human bodies to be held to the same principals as real humans? The definition of evil is subjective and that is the major problem. We all have a different definition of evil as each and every society has a definition of evil. Today, we see vampires on TV and how everything is sparkly and gentle seeming. Vampires like Dracula and vampires that crave for bloodshed. 

The most spread belief is that they are evil creatures, because they appear evil enough, right? How many of you gave immediately associated word evil with vampires? Sure, they kill people, only because they are craving for their blood, but they need to do it. That is a circle of life, because they need to eat just like any other being. If you look at it this way: Humans kill animals in order to eat their meat. So if you look at it from that point of you, only vegans and vegetarians may have any right to call vampires evil. Well, most humans do not actually kill the sheep to eat it, but still, the principle is the same, if you know what I mean. Sure, vampires may not be having heart beats, but they have their feelings, so don't be judgmental. 

So what I am trying to say is that vampires are just like humans and they can decide whether they will be evil, "hardly evil" or slight. A friend of mine told me that he doesn't think that they are evil, because they kill humans- the worst creatures that exist in the world. So, it all depends. Humans are afraid of them, but they are only because of the fact that they are afraid of everything they are not familiar with.

Arabic, Babylon/Assyrian & Ireland vampires!

Azctec

We are continuing with explanation of worldwide vampires. Some people say that this is a myth, but why would they talk about it, if they think that everything is made up?

Ghul: Dark magics and sorceries gave mortals the vampiric powers and so they become Ghuls. They can stay beautiful for many years. Degraded behaviors evident when they began to shrivel and grow claws and fangs. It is also known for them that they may have had the aid of demons to get their vampiric powers.

Aulak: This means leech. This is the devourer of women and children.

Algul/Algula: Translated- horse-leech or bloodsucking jinn. Traditionally it is a female demon that feasted upon dead babies and inhabited cemeteries. 

Babylon/Assyria 

LIlitu: Their favorite food are infants and children, but healthy young men are also at risk.This is a female vampire that is the predecessor to all Middle Eastern seductress vampiric legends and became personified into Queen Lilith. Their shape is a shape of female but in native form have birdlike talons and wings.

Utukku: This is a vampire spirit that has been usually seen as a demon. There is a belief that it is the spirit of recently deceased person that has returned from the grave for some unknown reason.

Ekimmu: This is one of the most feared of ancient vampires. It has been found among the Assyrians and Babylonians and it is said to be a departed spirit, the soul of a dead person unable to find peace. There are a lot of ways in which a person could become an Ekimmu, for example premature/violent death, improper burial or maybe unfulfilled love. 

Ireland

Leanhaum-shee: The interesting thins about this one is that it is not actually a vampire but it is engaging in vampiric activities. It is an Irish fairy mistress with an unbelievable beauty to lure men to her side and then used her charms to place them under her spell. She would make love with her victim and slowly drained away his life essence.

Dearg-due: A vampire that dates back to Celtic times and it is still feared. Also a creature from Ireland, whose name means "Red Blood Sucker". Probably the most famous story about this vampire is the one of a beautiful woman supposedly buried in Waterford, in a small churchyard and near Strongbows Tree. Several times a year she rises from her grave and she uses her stunning appearance to lure man to their doom.

 

Aztec and Malaysian Vampires

Vampire

We are going to continue with stories about worldwide vampires. Check out these stories and see if there is something that will intrigue you enough to find out a little bit more about the specific vampire whose qualities fascinated you.

Aztec/Mayan

Mictecaucatl: This vampire is the Lord of Mitclampa (this is the Place of Dead in Mexican mythology. The Lord is always followed by his wife, the Lady of Mictlampa, Mictecacuatl. He has a very black body with a skull in the place of head. 

Civatateo: Is a witch-vampire for which it said to be a servant of various moon deities, and what was more interesting is the fact that she was born as a noble women, who died in childbirth. That's why children were her favorite victims, that would dye soon after attack of a wasting disease. This kind of vampires appear with white faces with crossbones drawn on there clothing and their hands covered in white chalk. Civapipiltn is the name for the young ones that may be seen riding in groups on storm above crossroads or one of their shrines. 

Tlahuelpuchi: Being a mixture of Spanish witches and Tlalteuctli gives this vampire a special power of transformation into several different animal types. They attack infants and really rare adults or children and always female. 

Cihuateteo: This one is a really unusual it represents a still born child or a mother who died in childbirth who attacks and paralyzes babies. If they are caught by sunlight, they would die. They have white on face, hands, feet and flies. The interesting fact about them is that they are one of four chihuapipiltin (princesses) who accompany the Aztec goddess Tlalteuctli. The other three are cihuacoatl, itzpapaloti and coactlicue. 

Malaysia 

Penanggalan: this vampire flies at night with only the head and neck of its body complete and with its intestines dangling beneath them. It is always female and generally feeds of women in labor or children.

Langsoir: This vampire always takes a form of a beautiful woman that becomes such a creature if she dies in childbirth. She has extremely long nails, dress in green robes with black hair that usually hangs down to her ankles.

Pontiannak: It is related with the Langsoir in that when the mother dies in childbirth it becomes a Langsoir, but if the child is stillborn it becomes a Pontiannak. They have the ability to transform into screech owls.

Vampire poems

Vamorue

When it comes to the poetry, people always seemed to be attached and very interested in vampires and them as main symbols of blood, supernatural and dark. As a matter of fact, vampires were first notices in poetry and not in literature. They first showed up in poems of German writers in the mid-eighteenth century. Their goal was to create a master-piece that will let them leave after their death, which is exactly what vampires do, right? They were using elements of Gothic horror and Gothic romance and creating something that will never dye. 

Just to mention one thing so you don't get confused, we are no talking about Vampire poems as some specific genre, we are talking about poets who are using their symbols and the way they are doing that. They are using the same language that a narrative structure must use. We will explain that on this example:

Vampire

Stop slave!
I know that crate isn't your bed!
Take my strength…
Or you are afraid of every drop I have?

Come on slave!
Prove that my soul is a leech,
prove that you do not exist!
You are a fake child of death!

Go slave!
You're not thirsty of pain, 
but that toxic blood
you are loosing in your crash!

What poet wanted to say in this poem can be understood in many different ways. Everyone has it's own way of comprehending poetry and that is perfectly normal. I will tell you what poet said about her song and you will see how the symbol of vampire was used. 

The poet is challenging vampire to attack her, saying that the crate isn't his bed. She points out that in her veins runs a fresh blood, but he is afraid what he might do with it. She calls him slave, because she want to point out that he is afraid of her.     
In the second paragraph you can see clearly that she is trying to make him attack her, but also she reveals that he is in love with her mortal soul. Instead of him sucking her blood her soul is sucking his. She wanted so badly to become one of them, by provoking him to turn her into a vampire. She did everything in her power to make him do that, but he was ready to die out of thirst before he makes her one of them.

Now, did you understand it this way? We all have right to decide is something quality work or not. So, feel free to send us some work you have and feel free to comment this one.

Symbolism of blood

The_blood

"For the Blood is the Life"
When you ask yourself: What are we without the blood coursing through our veins? Is there a possibility for us to live without blood? For Christians it is something more than physical, because it carries with the offer of eternal life. However for the vampires it is its drink of preference for remaining life-like. There also occurs the question: "What will happen to the victim's soul when they drink vampire blood? In Christian religion it is a conscious choice and they know that they are participating in the Communion Eucharist which will join their souls to that of  Christ's soul. It seems that the blood is the vehicle to transfer soul to wherever it is going over the choice made by which blood is chosen.

Many creatures in the Indo-European and Semitic world are considered thirsty and not just vampires. They all are craving for some liquid and not necessarily blood. Unlike vampires who will always choose it. Many liquids in the history were offered in sacrifice to the dead such as honey, milk and wine. In classical times, the blood was itself gained from animals and from human sacrifice among Africans, Asians, prehistoric Europeans and aboriginal Americans. 

The most universal characteristic of the vampires is his passion and urge to drink blood. In Bram Stoker's Dracula this was the strongest symbol. When you observe it from the point of the vampires it is their bases of life as they feed off the blood of young souls. He made the blood the basis of passion and sex in his novel: The blood that is full of brutal, violent attacks and used to feed the creatures that stalk the night and feed upon the humans. The blood that has been shared between two people is almost holy and brings them even closer together. Blood represents purity and impurity and it can fascinate us and repulse us at the same time. It can also mean life and death, and they even signify the profane and the sacred. Blood has been considered to be the supreme elixir of life. You all remember the countess Elizabeth Bathory and her craving for blood so she could regain the appearance of youth. Blood is the vital element of vampires survival. 

At Communion, before giving wine-symbolic of blood to the congregation, the priest recites:
" The Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was shed for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.Drink this in remembrance that Christ's Blood was shed for thee and be thankful."

A vampire would rather drink the blood of the mortal than the Christs immortal blood. He would rather enjoy in his eternal life in the 
hereafter, he spends it on earth.